New York City real estate developer and reality TV star Donald Trump (1946- ) served as America’s 45th president from January 2017-January 2021. The billionaire businessman ran as a Republican and scored an upset victory over his Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton, in the 2016 election. Trump began his career working for his father’s real estate development firm, taking over its leadership in the 1970s. In the ensuing decades, he acquired and built hotels, office towers, casinos and golf courses and also appeared on 14 seasons of “The Apprentice.” He was the first person ever elected to the U.S. presidency without any previous government or military experience. On December 18, 2019, Trump was impeached by the House of Representatives. On January 13, 2021, he became the only president in U.S. history to be impeached a second time.
Early Life and Education
Donald John Trump, the son of Fred, a real estate developer, and his wife, Mary, a homemaker and Scottish immigrant, was born on June 14, 1946, in Queens, New York. The second youngest of five children, he attended private school in Queens before enrolling in the New York Military Academy for eighth grade through high school. Afterward, Trump studied for two years at New York City’s Fordham University then transferred to the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Finance and Commerce, where he earned an undergraduate degree in 1968. During the Vietnam War, he received four student deferments and one medical deferment and wasn’t drafted for military service.
After college, Trump joined his father’s company, E. Trump & Son, which developed apartments for the middle-class in New York City’s outer boroughs. He became president of the firm in 1974 and went on to make a name for himself in the Manhattan real estate world with the construction of such high-profile projects as the Grand Hyatt New York hotel, which opened in 1980, and Trump Tower, a luxury high-rise that opened in 1983. Also in the 1980s, Trump opened hotel-casinos in Atlantic City, New Jersey; acquired Manhattan’s storied Plaza Hotel and bought the Mar-a-Lago estate in Palm Beach, Florida, which he renovated and turned into a private club. Among other ventures, he briefly owned an airline and a professional football team in the short-lived United States Football League. In 1987, “The Art of the Deal,” Trump’s memoir and business-advice book, was published and became a best-seller. In 1989, his net worth was $1.5 billion, according to Forbes, and he made his first appearance on the cover of Time magazine.
However, in the early 1990s, following an economic downturn and slump in the real estate market, Trump was deeply in debt and several of his casinos filed for bankruptcy. In 1995, he reported a nearly $1 billion loss on his taxes. Trump eventually made a financial comeback, in part with a business model that involved licensing his name for a wide variety of ventures ranging from condominiums to steaks and neckties. He continued to acquire and develop real estate properties, and in 2016, when he became the first billionaire elected to the White House, his empire included office buildings, hotels and golf courses around the world. (His various business holdings, before and during his presidency, would become the topic of two Supreme Court cases where potential conflicts of interest were investigated, prompting a request for Trump to release his tax returns).
In 2004, Trump started hosting a reality TV show, “The Apprentice,” in which contestants vied for a management job at one of his companies. The show featured Trump’s catchphrase “You’re fired” and drew big ratings. The business mogul eventually raked in $1 million per episode and became a household name. He hosted 14 combined seasons of “The Apprentice” and a spinoff show, “The Celebrity Apprentice.”
In addition to starring on “The Apprentice” and making cameo appearances in other TV shows and movies like “Home Alone 2: Lost in New York,” Trump owned several beauty pageants from 1996 to 2015, including Miss Universe and Miss USA. In 1999, he founded a modeling agency that continues to operate.
In 1977, Trump married Czech model Ivana Zelnickova, with whom he went on to have three children, Donald Trump Jr., Ivanka Trump and Eric Trump. The pair divorced in 1992 and the following year Trump wed actress Marla Maples, with whom he has a daughter, Tiffany Trump. After Trump’s second marriage ended in 1999, he tied the knot with Slovenian model Melania Knauss in 2005. His son with Melania Trump, Barron Trump, was born in 2006.
2016 Presidential Campaign
Before winning the U.S. presidency, Trump never held any elected or appointed government office. He had considered a presidential bid on at least several earlier occasions prior to the 2016 race but ultimately opted not to run. In 2011, Trump began questioning in TV interviews whether then-President Barack Obama was born in the United States. In the following years, he harnessed rumors about Obama’s birthplace to help grow his audience on social media and gain notice in the world of conservative politics. (The White House released the Hawaiian-born president’s short-form birth certificate in 2008 and his long-form birth certificate in 2011.)
In June 2015, the real estate developer announced his presidential candidacy in a speech at Trump Tower. His ran his campaign on a pledge to “Make America Great Again,” the slogan emblazoned on the baseball hats he often wore at his public rallies, and spoke out against political correctness, illegal immigration and government lobbyists, while promising to cut taxes, renegotiate trade deals and create millions of jobs for American workers. His brash, unapologetic style and sometimes-controversial comments garnered widespread media coverage. In May 2016, he cinched the Republican nomination, beating out a field of 16 other candidates, including Jeb Bush, Chris Christie, Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio and John Kasich.
In the general election, Trump ran against Democrat Hillary Clinton, the first female presidential candidate from a major political party. The race was divisive, in part due to a number of inflammatory remarks and tweets made by Trump. While some members of the Republican establishment distanced themselves from the candidate, Trump’s supporters admired his outspokenness and business success, along with the fact that he wasn’t a politician. A big campaign promise was to build a fortified border wall with Mexico.
As the election neared, almost all national polls predicted a victory for the Democratic nominee. However, on November 8, 2016, in what was viewed by many people as a stunning upset, Trump and his vice-presidential running mate, Governor Mike Pence of Indiana, defeated Clinton and her running mate, Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia. Trump won reliably red states as well as important swing states including Florida and Ohio, and racked up 306 electoral votes to his rival’s 232 votes. Clinton won the popular vote.
Investigation Into Russian Interference in 2016 Election
On July 22, 2016—just days before the Democratic National Convention—WikiLeaks published emails hacked from the DNC, prompting DNC Chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz to resign.
The FBI began investigating the hacks, and in September, Democrats Dianne Feinstein and Adam Schiff of the Senate and House Intelligence Committees issued a joint statement stating Russian intelligence agencies were behind the election interference. Their faith was echoed by the Department of Homeland Security and the Office of National Intelligence on Election Security.
In January 2017, The Office of the Director of National Intelligence released a report concluding that Russia interfered with the 2016 election. The report found that the Russians did not directly tamper with polls, but instead disseminated pro-Trump messages across the Internet and hacked the DNC. Facebook later announced in 2017 that over 3,000 political ads on their site were linked to Russia. Trump fired former FBI Director James Comey and insisted via Twitter that there was “no collusion!” between his team and the hackers.
Former FBI director Robert Mueller was appointed as special counsel to investigate possible collusion between Russia and Trump’s campaign. The Mueller Report found that Russia "interfered in the 2016 presidential election in sweeping and systematic fashion" and "violated U.S. criminal law.” It ultimately failed to find the rumored link between the Trump administration and the interference, concluding: “the investigation did not establish that members of the Trump campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government in its election interference activities.” Several Trump associates were indicted, including Michael Cohen, George Papadopoulos, Paul Manafort, Rick Gates and Michael Flynn.
Trump Impeached, Then Acquitted
Trump was impeached on December 18, 2019 on two articles—abuse of power and obstruction of justice. The impeachment charges stemmed mainly from a July 25, 2019 phone call with the newly-elected president of the Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskiy. During the call, Trump asked the Ukrainian president to investigate Joe Biden, vice president under Barack Obama and a Democratic hopeful for the 2020 presidential race. Trump’s attorney, Rudy Giuliani, had publicly accused Biden of having former chief Ukrainian prosecutor Viktor Shokin removed from office because he was investigating Burisma, a Ukrainian gas company. Joe Biden’s son, Hunter Biden, was on the board of the company.
An anonymous whistleblower came forward to report the call: "In the course of my official duties, I have received information from multiple U.S. Government officials that the President of the United States is using the power of his office to solicit interference from a foreign country in the 2020 U.S. election."
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi announced a formal impeachment inquiry into Trump on September 24, 2019. Just under a month later, members of the House voted along partisan lines in favor of impeachment. All but two Democrats supported the article on abuse of power, while all but three Democrats supported the article on obstruction of Congress. No Republicans voted in favor of either article of impeachment against Trump. On February 5, 2020, the Senate voted largely along party lines to acquit Trump on both charges.
Trump's 2020 Reelection Campaign and Second Impeachment
In his reelection campaign for 2020 against Democratic opponent, Joe Biden, Trump doubled-down on his core issues of bringing back the economy following the devastation of the COVID-19 pandemic, boosting job growth, an “America First” approach to trade and foreign policy and a hardline stance on immigration.
Trump continued to hold large rallies, as he did during his 2016 campaign, despite the risks of coronavirus. Most of these rallies were held outside to mitigate risk. Trump also said he was “all for masks,” but rarely wore one himself.
In October, Trump, as well as several of his cabinet members, contracted the coronavirus. He was hospitalized at Walter Reed Medical Center for three days where he received multiple treatments, including an experimental antibody. Upon his release, Trump told reporters that he felt “better than I have in a long time.”
In the final days of his campaign, Trump continued to declare himself the “president of law and order,” pushing back on calls for police reform amid the outcry over racial injustice and police brutality. Just over a week before Election Day, the U.S. Senate voted 52-48 to confirm Trump’s nomination to the Supreme Court, Amy Coney Barrett, who had clerked with the late conservative Justice Antonin Scalia.
Results from Election Day 2020 initially appeared promising for the incumbent Trump. However, since a record number of Americans voted early or by mail-in ballots due to the pandemic, counting of those votes continued for days. After a fourth day of vote-counting, the Associated Press and other major media outlets declared Biden the winner. The vote was certified by the Electoral College on December 14, and later by Congress. The voter turnout rate in the election was the highest in over a century, and while Biden received the most votes in U.S. presidential history, Trump received the second-most.
On January 6, 2021—the same day members of Congress met to certify the results of the election—Trump addressed a crowd of supporters outside the Capitol. In the speech, he aired unfounded grievances about election fraud, reiterated false claims about winning the election and vowed to "never concede." After his speech, a violent mob stormed the Capitol; five people died.
On January 13, 2021, the U.S. House of Representatives voted to impeach Trump for alleged "incitement of insurrection." Trump became the first president in U.S. history to be impeached twice. On February 13, 2021, the Senate acquitted then-former President Trump in his second impeachment trial. Seven Republicans joined 50 Democrats in voting to convict Trump, falling short of the 67 guilty votes needed for conviction.
In a break with tradition, Trump did not attend the inauguration of President Biden, becoming one of only seven presidents in U.S. history who did not attend their successor’s inauguration.
Trump’s Presidency Is Over. So Are Many Relationships.
Joe Biden wants the country to heal from its political divisions. But some people say they aren’t ready to reconnect with their estranged friends and family members.
American political discourse was not exactly harmonious five years ago, but over the course of Donald Trump’s presidency, it corroded even further. What’s called the national conversation is really just millions of people communicating with each other, and if you could tune out all the yelling, you might be able to detect some of the silences that have arisen when two people stopped talking entirely.
One of those silences formed between Mary Ann Luna and a dear friend of hers from her federal-government job. By the time their relationship ended, after disagreements about Trump and the severity of the pandemic, Luna, a 74-year-old who lives in Gilbert, Arizona, and her friend had three decades of shared history. They ate lunch with each other every workday for about 15 years and once went on vacation together when Luna’s daughter got married, her friend hosted a celebratory brunch.
Politics wasn’t something they talked much about until the 2016 election, when Luna says her friend started parroting Trump in daily conversation, making racist remarks and questioning Luna’s news sources. As her friend kept this up, Luna often tried to gently redirect the conversation. Their communication didn’t get confrontational until last year, when, among other things, her friend sent her a prayer for Trump, which upset Luna because her friend knew Luna didn’t like Trump. The last text Luna sent to her friend was in November, following a rare month-long silence between them: “I am sorry that your guy lost, but let’s leave politics out and just be friends.” She never heard back.
Luna was sad about losing a long-standing friendship but has come to accept what happened. During the Trump presidency, “she had crossed over to a side I had never known or seen before,” Luna told me. “I will miss the old person, not the new one.” Over the past five years, many other Americans have found themselves in a similar position, measuring the gap between what a relationship was like before Trump entered politics and what it was like after.
In a Reuters/Ipsos poll conducted a couple of months after Trump’s 2016 victory, 16 percent of respondents said they had stopped communicating with a friend or family member because of the election. Four years later, many such relationships are still in disrepair. Corin Goodwin, a 53-year-old communications consultant in Seattle, hasn’t seen her dad since October 2016, when they had a falling-out over the presidential race, in which he supported Trump and she supported Hillary Clinton. Since then, they’ve had only occasional email contact. “When he passes, I don’t know if I will even be informed, which really freaks me out,” Goodwin told me. (Goodwin and others mentioned in this article were not comfortable putting me in touch with the friends and family members with whom they disagreed, so I was unable to hear the other sides of these stories.)
Because of the ways family members weave themselves into one another’s lives, political ruptures between them can be more world-altering than those between friends. A woman named Donna who is in her 60s and lives in Utah told me that after acrimonious family arguments on Facebook in 2016, her daughter informed her that because Donna supported Trump, she’d no longer be able to see her granddaughter. And in the past four years, she hasn’t, save for a 10-minute interaction at the funeral of a family member. The only other glimpses she gets of her granddaughter are when other family members send her pictures. “I’m really hurt,” Donna, who asked to be identified by only her first name so that she could speak openly about a family dispute, told me. “If I had known what was coming, I would have kept my mouth shut” about politics.
While Helen Nguyen still sees her dad regularly—he lives with her and her family in San Jose, California—they are likewise estranged. Nguyen, a 41-year-old software engineer who dislikes Trump and has had bitter arguments with her dad about him, says that since Congress certified Joe Biden’s victory over Trump, in January, her dad has largely ignored her at home. “I [feel] like we are strangers living under the same roof,” she told me.
The people I interviewed generally thought that if Trump had never entered politics, their relationships wouldn’t have deteriorated as they did. They may be correct, but this obscures a longer-running trend that seems to be fueling relationship-ending political disputes.
As political scientists have documented, over the past few decades, Americans’ party affiliations have become more strongly correlated with other aspects of who they are, such as their race, their religion, and where they live. As a result, certain political beliefs have become more predictably linked to broader worldviews. “Politics isn’t just politics anymore,” Emily Van Duyn, a communication professor at the University of Illinois, told me. “Political identity now encompasses so many other things—our social identity, our morals, our values.” This means that when two people disagree about a political figure, much more than a preference in candidates and their policies is often at stake.
While Trump didn’t create this dynamic, he did exacerbate it by constantly stoking political animosity and cultural division. Van Duyn, who has studied political disagreements in romantic relationships, said, “I think his bombastic approach to social mores in many ways forced people to have a reckoning around, Oh, my spouse supports Trump—what else does that encapsulate now? If he supports Trump, does he also hate me as a woman?”
That said, the relationships that frayed in the Trump era won’t necessarily be mended in the Joe Biden era. Some people I interviewed said that they were open to reconciliation when Trump was president, but several others said they weren’t then and aren’t now. One of Biden’s hopes for the country is “to turn the page, to unite, to heal.” He’s only a few months into his term, but no one I was in touch with has any newfound interest in repairing their relationship now that Trump is out of office and largely out of the news.
Instead, many of those who dislike Trump talked about having seen for the first time a troubling side of their friend or family member—one they could never un-see. “It would be uncomfortable for me to treat her the same way knowing what her political beliefs were,” Luna said of her ex-friend. Meanwhile, Donna says that despite lingering frustration with her daughter, she would be receptive to reconciliation. In her view, the onus to initiate that process is on her daughter, but she hasn’t gotten any indication that her daughter is more open to reconnecting now that Trump is no longer president.
Further, most of the people I was in touch with seemed unlikely to, in the future, befriend anyone who felt differently than they did about Trump or Biden. Donna, for instance, feels that she couldn’t be more than acquaintances with someone who supports Biden, because their values would differ too much from hers. Similarly, some interviewees who dislike Trump said that the fact of someone’s support for him would be enough to disqualify them as a potential friend, and it was viewed as a moral shortcoming.
Damaged relationships are the casualties of a dysfunctional political system, but they also reflect the shortage of tactics Americans have for talking through deep political differences. Van Duyn thinks that the ways people engage in everyday political conversations simply haven’t caught up to how all-encompassing political identities have become. Researchers have found some strategies that might help—for instance, writing prompts that have people imagine someone else’s perspective—but, Van Duyn said, “we need a better answer to [this] question.”
Of course, even if we had a better answer, some of today’s political differences would still be unbridgeable. “If we fundamentally can’t agree that Black lives matter or that people have human rights to be protected and respected,” Van Duyn noted, “that is a very different divide than, ‘We can’t agree about trickle-down economics.’”
Jeanne Safer, a psychotherapist in New York City, is mindful of that caveat, but maintains that people who cut off others over political differences frequently do so to their own detriment. “We can make politics seem like a thing that’s more fundamental to character than it really is, and I think we err seriously,” Safer, the author of I Love You, but I Hate Your Politics, told me. “If you have a long history with people who have treated you well and loved you, is it really all ruined by who they voted for?”
These days, many people would impatiently answer yes, but Safer’s view is that people you disagree with “can be wonderful friends, and people who agree with you can treat you very badly.” She also believes, based on her experiences with clients and interviews she did for her book, that something other than politics is at the root of many seemingly political conflicts with loved ones. For instance, when an adult child denounces their parents’ political beliefs, it might actually be less about politics and more about the child’s need to assert their independence.
One of Safer’s tenets of political communication is that you should never go into a conversation with the intention of changing someone’s mind. The tone should be inquisitive (“I want to hear more about why you think that”) rather than judgmental (“How could you think that?”). Ironically, as strategies like these become more valuable, they may also be needed less often: Many politically mixed friendships have ended, and so far, fewer seem likely to be formed in the future. This is concerning for what it says about the country’s ability to heal rifts that formed in the past five years. But it also would mean that, for better or worse, fewer friendships will be in need of rescuing from partisan conflicts.
Trump attended The Kew-Forest School in Forest Hills, Queens until he was 13 years old. Then, after causing some trouble at The Kew-Forest School, his parents transferred him to the New York Military Academy. Trump excelled in academics and sports while at NYMA. He earned many academic honors, was a member of the varsity football team in 1962, the varsity soccer team in 1963, and the varsity baseball team from 1962-1964. He was also the Cadet Captin-S4 (Cadet Battalion Logistics Officer) and lead his school in the Memorial Day parade down Fifth Avenue in 1964.
After high school, Trump attended Fordham University for two years. He then transferred to the Wharton Business School, where he graduated in 1968 with a Bachelor of Science in Economics and a concentration in finance.
“After I graduated from the New York Military Academy in 1964, I flirted briefly with the idea of attending film school,” Trump wrote in his book Trump: The Art of the Deal. “But in the end, I decided real estate was a much better business. I began by attending Fordham University…but after two years, I decided that as long as I had to be in college, I might as well test myself against the best. I applied to the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania and I got in….I was also very glad to get finished. I immediately moved back home and went to work full time with my father.”
Trump has enjoyed many financial successes during his career. He recently created an online university to share his “keys to success,” which is called Trump University. As of 2018, he is the republican President of the United States.
Echoing Decades of Fighting Over U.S. History Classrooms, President Trump Announces a Push for 'Patriotic Education'
A mid the ongoing national crisis over the deadly COVID-19 virus, the President of the United States warned of another national crisis on Thursday: the “ideological poison” of “radical” history education.
Speaking on Constitution Day from the National Archives&mdashwhere original copies of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights are on display&mdashduring a White House conference on American History, President Donald Trump announced that he was signing an executive order to establish the Commission,” a group that would “promote patriotic education,” and that the National Endowment for the Humanities would be awarding a grant to support the development of a “pro-American curriculum that celebrates the truth about our nation’s great history.”
In the course of his announcement, Trump claimed that people on the left want to “bully Americans into abandoning their values, their heritage and their very way of life,” and denounced the forces that he blamed for propagating that view in history classes. He called the New York Times’ 1619 Project, which reframes the story of nation’s founding around the arrival of the first enslaved Africans in Virginia, “toxic propaganda,” and he also singled out the late Howard Zinn, author of A People’s History of the United States. Zinn’s book, widely used in schools since it was published in 1980, is credited for helping popularize a bottom-up approach to history, as an alternative to telling the story of the U.S. via the top-down achievements of elite white men.
Such approaches to history, which encourage students to challenge long-standing narratives about national heroes, are “ideological poison, that if not removed will dissolve the civic bonds that tie us together,” Trump said. Under his plan, he said, “Our youth will be taught to love America with all of their heart and all of their soul.”
The federally-funded “patriotic” curriculum Trump promised is set to be an adaptation of Land of Hope: An Invitation to the Great American Story, by Wilfred M. McClay, a University of Oklahoma historian who also spoke at the Thursday event. Prior to the President’s speech, a panel of professors and education experts&mdashas well as Ben Carson, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development&mdashsang the book’s praises. When it came out last year, it was hailed by the right-leaning The National Review as “essential” and “an extraordinary act of patriotism” on the other side, Georgetown University history professor Michael Kazin argued it “ignores most social movements ” and gives the “silent treatment to the long struggle for black freedom.”
While there are voluntary national guidelines for history education, the U.S. has no specific federally mandated curriculum for the subject.
But this wasn’t the first time Trump has tackled the topic of history curricula. His speech elaborated on a tweet he sent last week expressing horror that schools were teaching the 1619 Project’s accompanying curriculum, not long after he told federal agencies to halt sensitivity trainings that incorporate critical race theory, a framework that examines American history and culture through the lens of race.
“We will never submit to tyranny,” Trump assured the audience, arguing baselessly that radicals want to keep Americans from speaking the truth. “We will reclaim our history.”
And while Trump’s push for “patriotic education” via McClay’s work may be new, it in fact echoes decades of conservative efforts to counter Zinn’s narrative, says Adam Laats, historian and author of The Other School Reformers: Conservative Activism in American Education. Examples include David Barton’s WallBuilders project, “dedicated to presenting America’s forgotten history and heroes,” and A Patriot’s History of the United States: From Columbus’s Great Discovery to the War on Terror, a 2004 book by Larry Schweikart and Michael Allen. (Zinn’s work has come in for criticism from academic historians on the left too, but the field today broadly acknowledges that a full recounting of history cannot be made without taking into account the lived experiences of people beyond the halls of power.)
More general efforts to encourage the inculcation of patriotism via the history classroom are even older than that, as TIME reported earlier this week. During the Red Scare of the 1920s, the American Legion attempted to develop a patriotic textbook. And in the 1960s and s, the U.S. Supreme Court’s nixing of school-sponsored prayer, combined with busing efforts to integrate schools, fueled conservative concerns about the state of public education that continue to this day, Laats says.
But, all along, other historians have argued that, even accepting the premise that history education should instill patriotism&mdasha premise to which many object&mdashthe way to do so is to give students the full picture, not to focus exclusively on the moments of glory. In 1948, when his work was banned from schools for seeming too favorable to communism, curriculum writer Paul Hanna argued that students would be more likely to fall for propaganda if they were spared the more unsavory parts of their own country’s history.
On Twitter, historian Joanne Freeman echoed that idea Thursday, writing that to “love a nation is to embrace it with all its complexity.”
And while Trump worries Howard Zinn and the 1619 Project will make Americans “ashamed” of their country, recent polls indicate that Americans are ready to learn. A Southern Poverty Law Center poll published Thursday found that 70% of Americans support anti-racism education policies “to reduce and prevent hate and extremism” Pew polling found that roughly the same majority believe that acknowledging the nation’s historical flaws makes the U.S. stronger today.
Not everyone who feels that way was entirely dismayed by the President’s announcement. Nikole Hannah-Jones, one of the creators of the 1619 Project, tweeted that she takes “great satisfaction” from some aspects of the fight against her work&mdashafter all, those who try to suppress it only prove how significant its impact has been.
Trump Family Educational Background
Before Donald Trump became the president, he set up the standard for his children by graduating from college. But just how far did the Trump family members get in their education?
Donald attended Fordham University for two years, before shifting to the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business. In Gwenda Blair’s book, The Trumps, The Washington Post published that Trump milked his way into Wharton “because he had an interview with an admissions officer who had been a high school classmate of his older brother.”
“His former classmates said he seemed a student who spoke up a lot but rarely shined in class, who barely participated in campus activities, shunned fraternity parties,” stated the Boston Globe. He did earn a Bachelor of Science degree in economics.
Donald Trump Jr.
Donald Trump Jr. graduated from a boarding school and attended the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, just like his father. However, he liked to party, unlike his dad. “Every memory I have of him is of him stumbling around campus falling over or passing out in public, with his arm in a sling from injuring himself while drinking,” Donald Jr.’s former classmate, Scott Melker, posted on Facebook.
Donald Jr. shared with New York Magazine in 2004, “To be fairly candid, I used to drink a lot and party pretty hard,” he said. “And it wasn’t something that I was particularly good at. I mean, I was good at it, but I couldn’t do it in moderation.” He earned a degree in finance and real estate at the end.
She attended Georgetown University for two years, before shifting to her dad’s school, the University of Pennsylvania. “I think she was always a good student — well prepared, poised, et cetera,” one classmate said to The Daily Pennsylvanian. “My sense was that she was a little removed from the typical bar scene in college, but I feel like she always handled herself with a lot of class and dignity.” Another student alleged Ivanka “didn’t seem all that super intelligent” but continued, “she seemed nice enough.” Ivanka got a degree in economics in 2004.
Unlike other Donald’s children, Eric went to Georgetown University. Eric would take his friend to a weekend at The Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City via a private jet, for free, as a way of a break from studying. Eric graduated in 2006 with a degree in finance and management, and in 2017 he became a member of Georgetown’s Business, Society and Public Policy Initiative advisory board, while concurrently acting as the executive vice president of the Trump Organization.
Mother of Eric, Ivanka and Donald Jr, attended Charles University in Prague while working as a model. It is unknown if she graduated.
The daughter of Donald Trump and Marla Maples went to the University of Pennsylvania and graduated with a double major in sociology (with a concentration in law) and urban studies in May 2016. She is currently attending Georgetown Law.
Her educational background is a mystery. The government website claimed, at the time Donald became president, that Melania had a degree in architecture and design from a university in Slovenia. But, in an April 2016 GQ article, she stated that she had “decamped to Milan after her first year of college, effectively dropping out.”
NBC News got in touch with Blaz Matija Vogelnik, a professor who declared he shortly directed Melania at Slovenia’s University of Ljubljana. He said: “She hasn’t finished university, at least not in Ljubljana.” He continued, “My personal opinion is that because she was very beautiful girl … I believe that she realized that she could gain more with that than to have long studies.” In the end, Melania had to address the issue, and she posted on Tweeter in July 2016 that the website didn’t “accurately reflect my business and professional interests.” It was supposed to say that she had “paused her studies to advance her modeling career in Milan and Paris,” but at this moment, Melania’s formal White House biography doesn’t have anything of her educational background.
The Trump Family Clamor to Define Donald's Divisive Legacy
For all his detractors, former President Donald Trump has also inspired staunch defenders throughout his political career. And the strongest advocates in Trump's campaigns and presidency were closest to home: Him and his immediate family.
Post-White House, their vociferous advocacy hasn't eased up. Now, they are trying to shape the narrative of Trump's self-described "magnificent legacy" as President Joe Biden unravels his policies and blames current problems on the previous administration.
On Monday, Trump and former first lady Melania announced the launch of their official website.
"The Office of Donald J. Trump is committed to preserving the magnificent legacy of the Trump Administration," text on the site's home page reads.
The site's about section includes a potted history of his presidency told from Trump's unique perspective.
"Donald J. Trump launched the most extraordinary political movement in history, dethroning political dynasties, defeating the Washington Establishment, and becoming the first true outsider elected as President of the United States," the page reads.
Trump argues his case on two areas he's faced substantial critical scrutiny: COVID-19 and the border.
On the COVID-19 pandemic, Trump had criticism this week from Dr. Deborah Birx and Dr. Anthony Fauci, who were the top experts on his White House Coronavirus Task Force.
In a statement on Thursday, Trump took aim at both his former advisers. He questioned Birx's credibility and branded her a liar, and branded Fauci the "king of 'flip flops' and moving goalposts."
Trump has claimed credit for the speed at which vaccines were developed but there are question marks over the extent of his role.
As The Associated Press highlights, the administration did not develop vaccines, as Trump had suggested, pharmaceutical companies did. And while COVID vaccine development in the U.S. was fast, other nations similarly created them at speed.
On the border issue, Trump's new website reiterates his claim, fact-checked as "mostly true" by Newsweek, that his administration "achieved the most secure border in United States history."
Trump and his allies cite the current border crisis facing Biden as vindication of his positions, such as building the wall.
Biden is under growing pressure from the surge in migrants at the border, particularly the increased number of unaccompanied minors detained, many of which are held in the kind of overcrowded facilities he criticized under Trump.
The president attributed blame for the situation to the Trump Administration. But Trump and others linked to the last administration rejected Biden's claims, accusing him of encouraging the current wave of migrants.
Eric Trump, the president's middle son, falsely claimed in a Fox News interview: "My father had the issue fixed." He said under his father "illegal immigration was not a problem anymore."
U.S. Border Patrol apprehensions rose from 400,000 in 2018 to 860,000 in 2019, when Trump was in the White House, according to a report from the Department of Homeland Security.
Donald Trump Jr., Trump's eldest son, also came out to defend his father's record on the border.
"Donald Trump was literally right about everything at the border," Trump Jr. said, in a video posted on Rumble, citing the border wall&mdashconstruction of which Biden has paused&mdashand the "Remain in Mexico" policy, which has also been rolled back.
While Biden is facing a surge in migrants at the border, figures show that an increased number of unaccompanied minors began to appear last September, two months before the election.
In another video, Trump Jr. accused Biden of taking "veiled shots at an administration that got stuff done," in reaction to his March 11 speech on the anniversary of the COVID shutdown.
Trump Jr. also backed his father's impact on the GOP, over which he has asserted dominance.
"He changed the direction of the Republican Party, that was going downhill fast," Trump Jr. said on Rumble when celebrating his father's CPAC speech.
"Picking the wrong battles, representing the wrong people, going to bat for corporate America and folding to the radical left."
While much of the Republican Party is united behind Trump, including its voter base, some of its lawmakers are in open revolt, trying to pull the GOP in another direction now he has left the White House.
In Trump's second impeachment following the violence of January 6, the party's divisions burst open in public, with several GOP lawmakers voting either to impeach or convict the former president. Others condemned his actions despite not voting against him.
Trump has attacked lawmakers who opposed him, branding them RINOs&mdashRepublicans in Name Only&mdashand calling for their ousting in primaries. Last year, as Trump lost the presidency the party also lost its Senate majority and failed to flip the House.
He and his allies have persisted with false claims of foul play in the election, despite a lack of evidence, and Trump has also tried to put the blame for losing the Senate on to Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY).
Trump's timeline of achievements on his new website also puts emphasis on his oversight of the American economy, claiming he "ushered in a period of unprecedented economic growth."
It echoes a claim in his farewell speech of having "built the greatest economy in the history of the world."
Prior to the pandemic, the U.S. had the most jobs on record, though this correlated to an extent with population growth. The unemployment rate was at a half-century low, but the percentage of people working or looking for jobs was below its peak in 2000.
Economic growth in Trump's term was above that of his predecessor Barack Obama's second term, though it fell short of the economic expansion by percentage under Ronald Reagan's presidency, according to the Associated Press.
Trump also left office with 3 million fewer jobs than when he entered the White House after the coronavirus pandemic tore through the employment gains made during his presidency.
But Trump isn't solely focused on shaping perceptions of the past. His new website is also casting an eye to the future amid speculation that he will run again.
As well as its focus on legacy, the site also shares the aim of advancing "the America First agenda" that defined his 2016 campaign and subsequent presidency.
Trump is set to continue his involvement in politics and is primed to back his favored Republicans in the 2022 midterms, including support for primary candidates more aligned to him than he perceives some incumbent Republican lawmakers to be.
He has also alluded to a potential 2024 run of his own. Polling continues to indicate Trump is not only a popular figure among Republicans but would win another presidential primary should he choose to run, by some distance.
However, among all Americans Trump remains an unpopular figure. In The Economist/YouGov polling conducted March 20 to 23 with 1,500 U.S. adults, Trump was viewed more unfavorably than favorably.
More than two in five, 44 percent, said they had a very unfavorable view of him and 8 percent somewhat. Around a quarter, 27 percent, had a very favorable view and 15 percent somewhat.
But among Republicans, the majority had a positive opinion of the president. A majority, 61 percent, asked said they had a very favorable view. Nearly a quarter, 23 percent, said they held a somewhat favorable view.
Other survey results have also indicated Trump would be a frontrunner for the 2024 GOP nomination if he were to run.
Trump’s Family History
Born on June 14, 1946, Donald J. Trump sits at the White House as America’s 45th President. He is now enjoying the fruits of his business labor, without which he most likely wouldn’t have been the powerful gentleman he is today.
Grandfather Friedrich Trump
Donald Trump’s grandfather – Friedrich Trump
In learning more about Trump’s family history, you may have to bear with the hard truth that his grandparents were immigrants. To start with the Trump story, his grandfather Friedrich Trump emigrated to the US in 1885, to settle in New York City. On October 17 that year, hundreds of German immigrants boarding a steamship and made it to New York port.
Among the immigrants was a skinny teenager named Friedrich Trump. Historians state that: Trump’s would-be grandfather virtually entered into the United States with nothing, except his travel suitcase. Even though Friedrich couldn’t speak English, his arrival laid a solid foundation for the future Trumps.
Donald Trump’s Grandmother, Elizabeth Chris Trump
Donald Trump’s Grandmother – Elizabeth Christ Trump
Donald Trump’s grandma (Elizabeth) was also a German-American. When Friedrich Trump made fortunes in the US, he returned to Germany and found Elizabeth Chris as a marriage partner. They tied the knot in 1902. The couple then moved in together to New York.
Their marriage brought forth Donald Trump’s father (Fred Trump), John Trump, and Elizabeth Trump. A 20-year gap exist between the initial arrival of Friedrich Trump and the birth of Frederick Chris Trump.
After the birth of their third child (John), Donald Trump’s grandparents moved to Queens and ventured into real estate business. Friedrich made enough money before his untimely death in 1918. Elizabeth worked hard to sustain the family’s growing real estates she founded the E. Trump & Son company. Her children would go on to keep the family’s business tradition.
Donald Trump’s Father, Fred Trump
Donald Trump’s Father – Fred Trump
Fred Trump’s birth happened in 1905, in Bronx, New York City. During his mother’s lifetime, he worked with her to develop their business ventures. By 1927, Fred Trump managed several houses owned by his family. His net worth grew higher he became a millionaire when he managed the barracks and apartments of some US Navy workers.
In 1936, Fred Trump took Mary Anne MacLeod to the altar. By June 1999, his wealth was estimated to stand around $250 – $300 million. Having multiplied his wealth gained from inheritance, Fred Trump passed away in 1999 at 93 years old.
Donald Trump’s Mother, Mary Trump
Trump’s mother – Mary Anne MacLeod Trump
An interesting pattern would be learned here. Mary Trump was an immigrant in 1912, she was born in Scotland into a poor family.
Mary escaped poverty in Scotland and entered into the United States in 1930. Wealth rained on her when she married the rich Fred Trump. Since then, her life story moved from rags to riches. Mary Trump and her husband gave birth to 5 children Maryanne Trump, Donald John Trump, Robert Trump, Elizabeth Trump Grau, and Fred Trump Jr.
Donald Trump’s elder brother was Fred Trump Jr. Unfortunately, Fred passed away in 1981 as a result of alcoholism — he was only 43 years-old. Learning from the alcohol-related death of his brother, Donald Trump vowed to stay away from negative lifestyles such as drinking and smoking.
The rest of Donald Trump’s siblings are still alive and kicking (as at December 1, 2019). Maryanne (Donald’s elder sister) is a retired federal judge. Robert and Elizabeth served as business executives while Robert was into real estate, Elizabeth delved into banking. Trump’s mother died in the year 2000 she was aged 88.
Vietnam Draft Deferments
Most men graduating in college in 1968 were subject to the Selective Service draft that occurred the following year in 1969. While Donald Trump did register for Selective Service at age 18, he’d received four education deferments while he attended Fordham and the University of Pennsylvania. His fifth deferment was due to a medical condition affecting his heels. Still, Trump was subject to participation in the draft lottery in December, 1969. Trump often credits a high draft number for keeping him out of Vietnam, but the medical deferment would have made his participation in the draft lottery irrelevant.
Over the years, Trump’s net worth have been a subject of public debate. Because Trump has not publicly released his tax returns, it’s not possible to definitively determine his wealth in the past or today. However, Trump valued his businesses at least $1.37 billion on his 2017 federal financial disclosure form, published by the Office of Government Ethics. Trump’s 2018 disclosure form put his revenue for the year at a minimum of $434 million from all sources.
In 1990, Trump asserted his own net worth in the neighborhood of $1.5 billion. At the time, the real estate market was in decline, reducing the value of and income from Trump&aposs empire. The Trump Organization required a massive infusion of loans to keep it from collapsing, a situation that raised questions as to whether the corporation could survive bankruptcy. Some observers saw Trump&aposs decline as symbolic of many of the business, economic and social excesses that had arisen in the 1980s.
A May 2019 investigation by The New York Times of 10 years of Trump’s tax information found that between 1985 and 1994, his businesses lost money every year. The newspaper calculated that Trump’s businesses suffered $1.17 billion in losses over the decade.
Trump later defended himself on Twitter, calling the Times’ report 𠇊 highly inaccurate Fake News hit job!” He tweeted that he reported “losses for tax purposes,” and that doing so was a “sport” among real estate developers.
Donald Trump: Presidency, Family, Education - HISTORY
45th President of the United States.
Served as President: 2017-present
Vice President: Mike Pence
Age at inauguration: 70
Born: June 14, 1946 in New York City
Married: Ivana Zelnickova, Marla Maples, Melania Knauss (First Lady and current wife)
Children: Donald Jr., Ivanka, Eric, Tiffany, Barron
Nickname: The Donald
What is Donald Trump most famous for?
Donald John Trump first became famous for being a businessman and real estate developer in New York City. He later grew to fame as the star of the reality TV show "The Apprentice." In 2016, he shocked the world when he was elected as President of the United States.
Where did Donald Trump grow up?
Donald Trump was born on June 14, 1946 in the neighborhood of Jamaica, Queens in New York City. Young Donald grew up in a middle class home with his four siblings and his parents, Fred and Mary Trump.
Source: New York Military
As a child, Donald was full of energy and often got into trouble at school. At the age of thirteen, his parents sent him to the New York Military Academy hoping he would learn about discipline and hard work at the school. Their plan worked. Donald developed into a student leader and star athlete while attending the academy.
After graduating from high school, Donald attended Fordham University and then transferred to the Wharton School of Finance (at the University of Pennsylvania) where he graduated in 1968.
By the time Donald graduated from college, Fred Trump, Donald's father, had become a successful real estate developer. Donald went to work for his dad in Brooklyn, New York for the next five years. During this time, he learned a lot about the real estate business and how to work deals from his father.
Real Estate Developer
One of Donald Trump's dreams was to develop major buildings like skyscrapers and hotels in downtown New York City (Manhattan). His first major project began in 1976 when he purchased the run-down Commodore Hotel near Grand Central Terminal. He renovated the hotel and turned it into the Grand Hyatt Hotel. It was a great success!
Over the next several years, Donald Trump would build and renovate skyscrapers throughout Manhattan and across the United States. Some of his signature buildings include the Trump Tower, the Trump World Tower, and the Trump International.
In 2003, Donald Trump became the host of a business reality TV show called The Apprentice. In the show, several contestants competed for a job in Trump's organization. Trump became known for using the catchphrase "You're fired!" when eliminating a contestant. The show was a huge success. He later worked on a similar show called The Celebrity Apprentice which had famous people as the contestants.
Running for President
On June 16, 2015 Trump announced that he would be running for president of the United States. He ran on issues such as securing the borders, lowering the national debt, and providing jobs for middle-class Americans. His campaign slogan was "Make American Great Again." He presented himself as the anti-establishment candidate who wasn't a politician and who personally funded most of his own campaign.
After winning the Republican nomination, Trump went up against former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the general election. The election was hard fought and bitter, with both sides becoming embroiled in scandals. In the end, Trump won the election and was inaugurated as president on January 20, 2017.
Donald Trump's Presidency
At the time of the writing of this article, Donald Trump's presidency had just begun.
Trump International Hotel
Photo by Ducksters
Donald Trump at University of Pennsylvania
The University of Pennsylvania is one of eight prestigious American universities that are members of the elite Ivy League. In these institutions, students of many American celebrities study.
There are a number of interesting facts that characterize the transfer of Donald to the Wharton School. Gwenda Blair writes that he was interviewed by a friendly man from the admissions office of the Wharton School, who was a classmate of Donald's older brother. However, Gwenda does not claim that Trump entered the university due to kinship ties. Ted S., Donald's classmate at the University of Pennsylvania, says that then the future entrepreneur was not too similar to himself today - when he knows all of America, and even the whole world. Sachs notes that the future US President was a very modest and even shy person.
At the same time, he never admitted that he was the son of a rich businessman. Only after many years Ted managed to find out about this. The future head of the American state rarely appeared on the university campus on weekends, and did not take an active part in student life. At the same time, in the Journal of the graduates of the Wharton School, published in the spring of 2007, information is reflected that at the time of the relevant publication the famous for the whole world, Donald Trump, was studying at this educational institution.
Luis Kalomaris, another classmate of the 45th US President, on the contrary, speaks of him as an ambitious person. Kalomaris says that at the first meeting of the group, the professor asked the students what they expect from their studies in Wharton. Trump replied that he wanted to be the next Bill Sackendorf (one of America's most famous businessmen in real estate transactions), while surpassing his achievements. At the same time, Kalomaris notes, the relations between Trump and Wharton were rather formal: he received from the university only what he wanted, discarding, in his opinion, superfluous. For example, the future 45th President of the United States treated fairly regularly, without bothering to prepare for them.
In 1968, Trump received a bachelor's degree in economics from the University of Pennsylvania.
According to Trump, after graduating from the military academy in 1964, he was thinking about entering film school, but decided that real estate was the most profitable business. He began his studies at the Fordham University, but two years later he dropped it and entered the The Wharton School - University of Pennsylvania.
1968 - Upon graduation from Wharton, Trump receives a Bachelor of Science degree in economics and a specialization in finance. At that time his father's company was in the lead in real estate, and Donald Trump began working in the family business.
In 1964, Trump began his higher education at Fordham University. After two years, he transferred to the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, because it offered one of the few real-estate studies departments in United States academia at the time. Trump was inspired by his father and Manhattan developer William Zeckendorf, vowing to be "even bigger and better". While at Wharton, he worked at the family business, Elizabeth Trump & Son, and graduated in May 1968 with a Bachelor of Science in economics.
Trump did not serve in the military during the Vietnam War. While in college from 1964 to 1968, he obtained four student deferments. In 1966, he was deemed fit for service based upon a military medical examination, and in 1968 was briefly classified as eligible to serve by a local draft board. In September of that year, he was given a medical deferment, which he later attributed to heel spurs. In 1969, he received a high number in the draft lottery, which gave him a low probability to be called to military service.
So, there is no doubt that Donald Trump received a good education, including Bachelor of Science Degree in Economics at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.
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