Battle of Iwo Jima Map 3: D-Day

Battle of Iwo Jima Map 3: D-Day

Map of the island of Iwo Jima, showing the situation at the end of D-Day (19 February 1945)

Map of the island of Iwo Jima, showing the situation at the end of D-Day (19 February 1945)

Numbers to the left of the unit denote the battalions, those to the right the regiments.

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Iwo Jima Map

One particular war souvenir has always captivated a California woman: a map her father brought home from the battle of Iwo Jima.

Her father says he found the map inside the jacket of a dead Japanese soldier. He says he thinks he found it on February 21, 1945, two days after US forces invaded Iwo Jima.

The map is hand-drawn and labeled in Japanese. Yellowed and brittle, the map bears a faded stamp that appears to read, &ldquoMaterials Examined.&rdquo

What is this map? And did it play a role in the battle of Iwo Jima? History Detectives attends the 65th Anniversary Battle of Iwo Jima Reunion and talks to the very men who fought in the battle. Then, military historians help us understand the role documents like this map could have played in key battles of World War II.

Iwo Jima Map

Season 8, Episode 2

Eduardo Pagán Location:
Virginia and Washington D.C.

Battle Of Iwo Jima Map

Batalha de iwo jima le pacifique military photos military history history online world history world war ii battle of iwo jima mount suribachi this is a nice reproduction of an original wwii photograph showing bombs from a usaaf b 24 bomber falling on iwo jima. The battle of iwo jima the island of iwo jima is located 750 miles south of the main island of japan along a line of islands known as the bonin islands.

Defense Gov Special Report Iwo Jima 70th Anniversary

And did it play a role in the battle of iwo jima.

Battle of iwo jima map. History detectives attends the 65th anniversary battle of iwo jima reunion and talks to the very men who fought in the battle. Landing on iwo jima american forces encountered much fiercer resistance than expected and the battle. The us military occupied iwo jima until 1968 when.

What is this map. This was the last island in the island hopping campaign done by the united states. The island of iwo jima translates to sulfur island and smells terrible.

Battle of iwo jima significant events. The battle of iwo jima was fought from february 19 to march 26 1945 during world war ii 1939 1945. The battle of iwo jima 19 february 26 march 1945 was a major battle in which the united states marine corps and navy landed on and eventually captured the island of iwo jima from the imperial japanese army ija during world war iithe american invasion designated operation detachment had the goal of capturing the entire island including the three japanese controlled airfields.

The american invasion of iwo jima came after allied forces had island hopped across the pacific and had conducted successful campaigns in the solomon gilbert marshall and mariana islands. The battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the pacific campaign of world war ii. Map the battle of iwo jima february 19 march 26 1945 or operation detachment was a battle in which the united states fought for and captured iwo jima lit.

The island was the location of the battle of iwo jima between february 1945march 1945. Map from iwo jima amphibious epic published by the historical branch of the us. Being victorious and gaining control of both the island and the japanese airfields located at that location.

The island became globally recognized when joe rosenthal who worked for the associated press at the time published his photograph raising the flag on iwo jima which was photographed on mount suribachi. The battle took place in the pacific campaign of world war 2 and finished with the us. Battle of iwo jima.

Sulfur island from japan. The battle of iwo jima was fought between the united states and japan between february 19 th and march 26 th 1945. Battle of iwo jima map.

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Battle of Iwo Jima Map 3: D-Day - History

By Christopher Marks

Lieutenant Harold Gilson Payne, Jr., was one of the first Americans to die at Iwo Jima. He did not fall in the carnage of the Marine invasion that began on February 19, 1945. Hal Payne died eight months earlier, on June 15, 1944, in the backseat of my father’s plane a few hundred feet over the island.

My father, David A. Marks, died in 1990 at the age of 73. As I went through his papers I found a small, wrinkled photo in his wallet. Dad was on the deck of an aircraft carrier, in his mid-20s, shaking hands with a fellow over a bomb. He sported a broad smile, a smile I had seen rarely in our 33 years of life together.

I flipped it over. There, in Dad’s handwriting, it read, “With Hal Payne—just fooling around!” I had not seen many pictures of dad when he was young, and this was a nice one. I slid the image into the plastic sleeve of a photo album and moved on. Fourteen years later, I decided to find out who Hal Payne was, and why his picture was in Dad’s wallet.

Lieutenant Hal Payne of VT-32

Dave Marks was a career naval officer, graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1940. He had been a young ensign aboard the battleship USS Maryland during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and had seen dead classmates floating in the oily water. Impressed with the display of enemy air power, he spent the next two years back in the States becoming a naval aviator, a term he always pronounced with great pride. In late December 1943, he reported aboard the aircraft carrier USS Langley in San Diego, a spare 35 minutes before she left for the Pacific and the war. He was assigned to the torpedo bomber (VT) section of Air Group 32, flying Grumman TBF Avengers. Lieutenant Hal Payne was VT 32’s Air Combat Intelligence (ACI) officer.

Hal had come to the war and VT 32 in a typical yet less professional way. A 1933 graduate of Dartmouth College, he had been doing something else with his life when America entered the war. He had been a successful cosmetics and perfume salesman based in Washington, D.C., with a large territory in the Mid-Atlantic states. Along the way he met and fell in love with Francine Theureau, a French native and Sorbonne graduate. They were married on New Year’s Eve 1935. Along with millions of other Americans, Hal Payne volunteered to risk his life and serve his country.

An essential part of Payne’s job as VT 32’s ACI was to debrief the pilots in the ready room immediately after each strike mission. Memories were still fresh in the pilots’ minds, and the adrenaline was still coursing through their systems. What did your bombs hit? What was the antiaircraft fire like? Did you encounter enemy planes? What tactics did they use? Are there more targets we need to hit again? What was the weather like?

These were just some of the questions he posed to each pilot. Taking notes in longhand, Hal typed them up on a Navy form titled “Aircraft Action Report.” Today, these reports reside in the National Archives.

But Lieutenant Payne did not confine himself to postmission ready room interviews and typed reports. He wanted to see action. Payne frequently hitched rides on strike missions, usually bringing a bulky camera along to take reconnaissance photos. He nestled himself in the “greenhouse” compartment of the Avenger, a few feet behind the pilot under a glass canopy. Originally designed to hold a second pilot or a navigator, the small space was partially filled with electronic gear. It was where Hal Payne spent the last hours of his life on June 15.

Mission to Iwo Jima

Nine days earlier, Allied forces had stormed ashore in Normandy. Rome had fallen. Two million Soviet soldiers stood poised for a summer offensive that would carry them to the German border. In the Pacific, the island hopping strategy was at a critical stage. Two islands in the enemy-held Marianas chain, Saipan and Tinian, were coveted by American war planners. They were ideal launching bases for the new Boeing B-29 Superfortress bombers starring in the upcoming air campaign against the enemy’s home islands. But first, they had to be taken—taken from Japanese garrisons with no hope of survival or escape and no thoughts of surrender. The Marines invaded Saipan on June 15.

Six hundred miles to the north lay a little speck of volcanic rock called Iwo Jima. It had been an important stepping-stone for Japanese air power early in the war. There were two airfields on Iwo, and the Americans sought to keep enemy planes there from assisting their cornered countrymen on Saipan. Several American aircraft carriers were detached to strike Iwo as the Marines established their Saipan beachead. The Langley was one of those carriers.

The pilots of Air Group 32 were filled with considerable anxiety over the Iwo mission. They had lost one of their most popular flyers in a fighter sweep over Saipan on June 11. Tokyo was only 600 miles to the north, and this was the first American carrier strike against prewar Japanese soil. Iwo was thought to be brimming with the legendary Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighters. As if that was not enough, the weather was terrible. The carrier was on the outer edge of a typhoon. Emil Sellars and Vernon Cravero, the two enlisted aircrewmen in Dad’s plane, warned Lieutenant Payne not to go. It was going to be a bad mission, they said. Stay here on the ship. Play it safe. Evidently my father disagreed, and Hal Payne climbed aboard.

Lieutenant Hal Payne (left) and Lieutenant Dave Marks shake hands on the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Langley. Payne and Marks had come to know one another aboard the carrier, and the author found this photo in his father’s wallet following the elder Marks’s death.

The Langley’s eight Avengers launched from a pitching flight deck at 2 pm, about 150 miles east of the island. They carried 500-pound bombs and a mix of incendiary and fragmentation clusters. After joining up with dozens of planes from other carriers, the aerial armada headed west. Seventy-five miles from the target they ran into an impenetrable weather front. The force broke up into two groups to get around it. One went north and the other south, including all the Langley planes. The northern group found an opening first and raced through it to Iwo. The southern group came back to the north and found the opening after 125 miles of additional air travel. They arrived over the hornet’s nest at 4:30 in the middle of an ongoing battle.

Hal Payne’s Last Flight

The first two Langley Avengers found a hole in the cloud cover and pushed over from 9,000 feet. Their target was Motoyama Airfield No. 2 in the center of the island. Its runway was ringed with a seemingly endless array of antaircraft guns manned by angry, alert men with plenty of ammunition. The pilots put the runway in their sights and began their steady, 35-degree glide to the target. Steady was good for the American bomber pilots, but it was also good for the Japanese gunners.

Amid accurate and intense antiaircraft fire, the pilots released their bombs. They were believed to have fallen on the center of the runway. The actual points of impact were estimated because the pilots were too busy escaping with their lives to look at the ground. Sellars and Cravero had been right.

The third Avenger was flown by Dave Marks, with Hal Payne right behind him in the greenhouse. “Between 3000 and 2500 feet in a 20 degree angle glide,” the Aircraft Action Report stated later, “Lieut. Marks released 4 500-pounders which were believed to have fallen diagonally across the northern 2/3 of the runway.” The Japanese gunners were waiting. “Just as his bombs went out, Lieut. Marks right wing and port elevator were hit by 40 mm. AA making the exact location of his drops impossible” to observe.

The right side of the fuselage and the bomb doors were shredded by 40mm shell fragments and .50-caliber bullet holes. In the flash of an eye, a shell went through the trailing edge of the right wing and exploded, sending chunks of shrapnel into the greenhouse. One piece tore though Hal Payne’s right chest and exited the left side of his back. He crumpled to the deck, his face contorted in agony. Desperate to help in some way, a crewman crawled to the injured man and stabbed a shot of morphine into Payne’s chest. Within moments, Hal’s face slackened and he died.

All of the Langley Avengers were damaged in their pass over Motoyama No. 2. An aircrewman, Arnold “Blackie” Marsh, was shredded and killed in Lieutenant (j.g.) George Winn’s plane. Winn’s canopy was completely shot away, and he was sitting out in open air.

Pilot Pat Patterson was nearly blinded by flying glass when enemy bullets struck home in his plane. He was kept conscious only by ammonia soaked handkerchiefs passed forward by his crewmen. But the Avengers were sturdy planes flown by experienced pilots. They headed home, some in pairs, helping each other stay aloft with encouragement and guidance.

The funeral of Lieutenant Hal Payne is held aboard the aircraft carrier USS Langley a day after he was killed during the bombing mission against Japanese positions on Iwo Jima.

Burial at Sea

Back on the ship, Lieutenant Loren L. Hickerson, a Langley officer, described the scene in his journal: “The sea grew rougher by the hour—or so it seemed to me. We heard nothing from any of our planes, although ordinarily the strike frequency was full of plane calls. The sea was at its height when the flight returned. We had had rolls up to 24 degrees and when we turned into the wind to recover our planes, the deck was heaving with tremendous swells, like a lifeboat overturned.

“I watched the planes come in from a pilot house porthole, and I have never watched a grimmer nor more startling sight. One after another, our TBF’s came aboard without mishap how, I will never know. At least half of them had giant holes in the wings or tail or both, from AA fire. I could see from the pilot house that one pilot’s face was covered in blood, and at least two other planes were known to have injured personnel aboard.

“The fighter planes looked OK, except for occasional shrapnel holes in the wings or fuselages, but the torpedo planes showed every sign of having had rough going. One plane’s port wingtip had been staved in, and the fabric was fluttering as he came in. Another plane came in with the flaps blown to pieces. When I went below I learned that Lt. Hal Payne was taken dead from the greenhouse of Dave Marks’ plane. A shell had exploded in his compartment, killing him instantly.

“The next afternoon we buried our dead at sea—for the first time in our lengthening cruise against Japan. A Marine guard stood stiffly at attention, with officers and men in whites and dungarees, on the hangar deck among the TBFs and fighter planes. The band played a dirge as the pallbearers bore the flag-draped bodies to the starboard gangway opening amidships. The Captain and the Chaplain walked down behind them. The service was brief, and simple, and the bodies were dropped silently into the grey waters 600 miles from Tokyo.

“It made me a little sick—the thought of Marks and Winn flying home with those bodies who had been their friends and who had joked with us a few hours before. But there was no deep emotional stir. If there were, none of us, let alone these pilots who fly against the enemy again tomorrow and the next day, would be able to stand it. Today, Hal Payne and Blackie Marsh are forgotten. It can’t be any other way. To remember them would be to shake the very foundations upon which we live out here. To live constantly with, but as constantly to ignore, the grim realities which face men and ships, pilots and planes, in enemy waters—this seems to me one of the greatest oddities of all. None of us is asleep to what could happen. There is no fear. Only the inexperienced know fear.”

“We Have Lost a Good Man From Our Midst”

There is an old saying: “Timing is everything.” If the Japanese gunner had been a hair quicker, or if Dad’s Avenger had been a hair slower, they would have crashed into the volcanic sands of Iwo Jima. End of story. But that did not happen.

Dave Marks retired from the Navy with the rank of commander in 1960 and worked another 20 years for Grumman, the same company that built his Avenger. He had four children. Emil Sellars was burdened with a sense of guilt that he had killed Hal Payne with that shot of morphine. Around the middle of each June he became distant and quiet, spending much time alone in his yard in South Carolina. He died in 1971, leaving behind two children. Vernon Cravero lives in the Chicago area. He has two children and enjoys spoiling his great grandchildren. Their damaged Avenger was judged beyond repair and pushed over the side. Today it rests somewhere on the bottom in the icy blackness of the deep Pacific.

Hal Payne’s obituary in the Dartmouth College Alumni magazine concluded with this tribute from a friend: “He was rugged in both mind and body, and I’m sure he would have gone far in the years to come in this war-torn and war-weary world. As I remember him, he loved life and action—he got it I’m sure—but in so doing we have lost a good man from our midst.”

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    Iwo Jima Front Line Progression Battle Map

    This maps shows the daily progress of the front lines during the Battle of Iwo Jima. Clearly can be seen days were the Marines advanced only only a few meters a day. Great historical map to show the difficulty of the battle, and when compared to the expected progress map, how far off the planners actually were.

    The Battle of Iwo Jima was fought from 19 February to 26 March 1945 in the Volcano Islands (more broadly the Bonin Islands), about 750 miles (1,200 kilometers) south of Tokyo. The battle was fought entirely by the US Marines and Navy. Iwo Jima has the distinction of causing more casualties for the Americans than the Japanese. Iwo Jima has been immortalized as Joe Rosenthal took one of the most famous pictures in the history of the world, "Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima."

    Dimensions (Inches, Width x Height) : 17.7x20

    Our printing is archive-quality.

    Each map is printed using the finest materials and methods. Your map will be handled with white gloves from start to finish. We use the Giclee printing method on the finest paper, which produces a clear, extremely detailed, durable map that is perfect to be proudly displayed in your home or office.

    From May 1942, the US utilised Navajo code talkers. Because Navajo grammar is so complex, mutual intelligibility and codebreaking is virtually impossible. The speed and accuracy of the Navajo code talkers was indispensable at Iwo Jima – six code talkers sent and received over 800 messages, all without error.

    US Marines raise the American flag on Suribachi. From the short colour film To the Shores of Iwo Jima Watch Now

    The summit of Suribachi, which has an elevation of 528 feet, marks the island’s highest point. The American flag was raised there on 23 February 1945, but the US wouldn’t claim victory in the battle until more than a month later, on 26 March.

    Getting off the beach

    Many of the Marines who landed in the first wave speculated that perhaps the naval and air bombardment had killed all of the Japanese defenders. [2] In the deathly silence, they became somewhat unnerved as Marine patrols began to advance inland in search of the Japanese positions. [2] Only after the front wave of Marines reached a line of Japanese bunkers defended by machine gunners did they take hostile fire. Many concealed Japanese bunkers and firing positions opened up, and the first wave of Marines took devastating losses from the machine guns. [17] Aside from the Japanese defenses situated on the beaches, the Marines faced heavy fire from Mount Suribachi at the south of the island. It was extremely difficult for the Marines to advance because of the inhospitable terrain, which consisted of volcanic ash. This ash allowed for neither a secure footing nor the construction of foxholes to protect the Marines from hostile fire. However, the ash did help to absorb some of the fragments from Japanese artillery. [17]

    The Japanese heavy artillery in Suribachi opened their reinforced steel doors to fire, and then closed them immediately to prevent counterfire from the Marines and naval gunners. This made it difficult for American units to destroy a piece of Japanese artillery. [17] To make matters worse for the Americans, the bunkers were connected to the elaborate tunnel system so that bunkers that were cleared with flamethrowers and grenades were reoccupied shortly afterwards by Japanese troops moving through the tunnels. This tactic caused many casualties among the Marines, as they walked past the reoccupied bunkers without expecting to suddenly take fresh fire from them. [17] The Marines advanced slowly under heavy machine gun and artillery fire. With the arrival of armored tanks, and by the use of heavy naval artillery and aerial bombing on Mount Suribachi, the Marines were able to advance past the beaches. [17] Seven hundred sixty Marines made a near-suicidal charge across to the other side of Iwo Jima on that first day. They took heavy casualties, but they made a considerable advance. By the evening, the mountain had been cut off from the rest of the island, and 30,000 Marines had landed. About 40,000 more would follow. [17]

    In the days after the landings, the Marines expected the usual Japanese banzai charge during the night. This had been the standard Japanese final defense strategy in previous battles against enemy ground forces in the Pacific, such as during the Battle of Saipan. In those attacks, for which the Marines were prepared, the majority of the Japanese attackers had been killed and the Japanese strength greatly reduced. However, General Kuribayashi had strictly forbidden these "human wave" attacks by the Japanese infantrymen because he considered them to be futile. [17]

    The fighting on the beachhead at Iwo Jima was very fierce. The advance of the Marines was stalled by numerous defensive positions augmented by artillery pieces. There, the Marines were ambushed by Japanese troops who occasionally sprang out of tunnels. At night, the Japanese left their defenses under cover of darkness to attack American foxholes, but U.S. Navy ships fired star shells to deny them the cover of darkness. Many Japanese soldiers who knew English would deliberately call for a Navy corpsman, and then shoot them as they approached. [17] The Marines learned that firearms were relatively ineffective against the Japanese defenders and effectively used flamethrowers and grenades to flush out Japanese troops in the tunnels. One of the technological innovations of the battle, the eight Sherman M4A3R3 medium tanks equipped with a flamethrower ("Ronson" or "Zippo" tanks), proved very effective at clearing Japanese positions. The Shermans were difficult to disable, such that defenders were often compelled to assault them in the open, where they would fall victim to the superior numbers of Marines. [17] Close air support (CAS) was initially provided by fighters from escort carriers off the coast. This shifted over to the 15th Fighter Group, flying P-51 Mustangs, after they arrived on the island on 6 March. Similarly, illumination rounds (flares) which were used to light up the battlefield at night were initially provided by ships, shifting over later to landing force artillery. Navajo code talkers were part of the American ground communications, along with walkie-talkies and SCR-610 backpack radio sets. [17]

    After running out of water, food and most supplies, the Japanese troops became desperate toward the end of the battle. Kuribayashi, who had argued against banzai attacks at the start of the battle, realized that defeat was imminent.

    Marines began to face increasing numbers of nighttime attacks these were only repelled by a combination of machine-gun defensive positions and artillery support. At times, the Marines engaged in hand-to-hand fighting to repel the Japanese attacks. [17] With the landing area secure, more troops and heavy equipment came ashore, and the invasion proceeded north to capture the airfields and the remainder of the island. Most Japanese soldiers fought to the death. [17]

    6 Reasons Why the Battle of Iwo Jima Is So Important to Marines

    No historical account of World War II would be complete without covering the Battle of Iwo Jima.

    At first glance, it seems similar to many other battles that happened late in the Pacific War: American troops fiercely fought their way through booby traps, Banzai charges and surprise attacks while stalwart dug-in Japanese defenders struggled against overwhelming U.S. power in the air, on land and by sea.

    For the United States Marine Corps, however, the Battle of Iwo Jima was more than one more island in a string of battles in an island-hopping campaign. The Pacific War was one of the most brutal in the history of mankind, and nowhere was that more apparent than on Iwo Jima in February 1945.

    After three years of fighting, U.S. troops didn't know the end was near for the Japanese Empire. For them, every island was part of the preparation they needed to invade mainland Japan.

    The 36-day fight for Iwo Jima led Adm. Chester Nimitz to give the now-immortal praise, "Uncommon valor was a common virtue."

    Here are six reasons why the battle is so important to Marines:

    1. It was the first invasion of the Japanese Home Islands.

    The Japanese Empire controlled many islands in the Pacific area. Saipan, Peleliu and other islands were either sold to Japan after World War I or it was given control of them by the League of Nations. Then, it started invading others.

    Iwo Jima was different. Though technically far from the Japanese Home Islands, it is considered to be part of Tokyo and is administered as part of its subprefecture.

    After three years of taking control of islands previously captured by the Japanese, the Marines were finally taking part of the Japanese capital.

    2. Iwo Jima was strategically necessary for the United States' war effort.

    Taking the island meant more than a symbolic capture of the Japanese homeland. It meant the U.S. could launch bombing runs from Iwo Jima's strategic airfields, as the tiny island was directly under the flight path of B-29 Superfortresses from Guam, Saipan and the Mariana Islands.

    Now, the Army Air Forces would be able to make bombing runs without a Japanese garrison at Iwo Jima warning the mainland about the danger to come. It also meant American bombers could fly over Japan with fighter escorts.

    3. It was one of the bloodiest battles in the history of the Marine Corps.

    Iwo Jima is a small island, covering roughly eight square miles. It was defended by 20,000 Japanese soldiers who spent a year digging in, creating miles of tunnels beneath the volcanic rock, and who were ready to fight to the last man.

    When the battle was over, 6,800 Americans were dead and a further 26,000 wounded or missing. This means 850 Americans died for every square mile of the island fortress. Only 216 Japanese troops were taken prisoner.

    4. More gallantry was on display at Iwo Jima than any other battle before or since.

    Iwo Jima saw more Medals of Honor awarded for actions there than any other single battle in American history. A total of 27 were awarded, 22 to Marines and five to Navy Corpsmen. In all of World War II, only 81 Marines and 57 sailors were awarded the medal.

    To put it in a statistical perspective, 20% of all WWII Navy and Marine Corps Medals of Honor were earned at Iwo Jima.

    5. U.S. Marines were Marines and nothing else on Iwo Jima.

    The U.S. has seen significant problems with race relations in its history. And though the armed forces weren't fully integrated until 1948, the U.S. military has always been on the forefront of racial and gender integration. The Marines at Iwo Jima came from every background.

    While African Americans were still not allowed on frontline duty because of segregation, they piloted amphibious trucks full of White and Latino Marines to the beaches at Iwo Jima, moved ammunition and supplies to the front, buried the dead and fought off surprise attacks from Japanese defenders. Navajo Code Talkers were instrumental in taking the island. They were all Marines.

    6. The iconic flag-raising became the symbol for all Marines who died in service.

    Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal's photo of Marines raising the flag on Iwo Jima's Mount Suribachi is perhaps one of the best-known war photos ever taken. Raising the American flag at the island's highest point sent a clear message to both the Marines below and the Japanese defenders. In the years that followed, the image took on a more important role.

    It soon became the symbol of the Marine Corps itself. When the Marine Corps Memorial was dedicated in 1954, it was that image that became the symbol of the Corps' spirit, dedicated to every Marine who gave their life in service to the United States.

    Battle of Iwo Jima Map 3: D-Day - History

    Please take the time to enjoy a small selection of the artifacts that we have on display at the Museum of World War II. Every artifact in our collection has its own history, and ties to human lives. Each artifact has a small section of its story told here.

    You can use this map to jump to any section of the Museum of World War 2 to view a selection of the artifacts displayed there.

    You can click any image for a larger view.

    This section contains artifacts specifically about Iwo Jimaand its importance in the Pacific War. The invasion of the volcanic island of Iwo Jima was the bloodiest battle of the war. Approximately 7,000 Marines were killed, another 23,000 wounded. The Japanese suffered casualties of nearly 22,000 men. The Japanese plans called for no survivors their goal was to kill at least 10 Americans before they themselves were killed. Iwo Jima's importance was it's location: 700 miles from Tokyo, half the distance from the nearest U.S. air base on Tinian.

    PLEASE NOTE: All firearms displayed at the Museum of World War II have been rendered inoperable.

    Original print of the Joe Rosenthal photograph of the flag-raising on Mt. Suribachi, developed on Guam.

    Watch the video: Battlefield 2: Battle of Iwo Jima D-Day HD